Bridge Engineering

Helping to shape bridges in a better way

With ALLPLAN's innovative BIM solution for bridge engineering, users can create an interdisciplinary 4D model of any bridge type. The common data environment enables use of the comprehensive 3D bridge model for detailing and drawing production and the same model to be used for generating the analysis model to perform structural analysis including reinforcement design and code checking.

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ALLPLAN – BIM SOLUTIONS
FOR BRIDGE
 ENGINEERING

To design and build attractive and safe bridges, reliably meet deadlines and budget targets, ultimate transparency as well as clear communication and coordination with project partners is essential and requires powerful software tools.

With Allplan Bridge you can easily model, analyse, design, and detail different kinds of bridges. You work with a single solution from parametric model creation with a high level of detail, including prestressing, to integration of the construction process, structural analysis, reinforcement design and detailing.

because everything is accomplished with one software solution – the common data environment minimizes unnecessary data exchange and re-entry between different solutions.

 

time saving through adaption of project templates and model modifications that occur throughout the entire design phase that are made quickly, easily and reliably.

due to modeling techniques which are tailored for bridges and workflows for different bridge types, such as precast girder bridges.

reuse of data as a result of the parametric model description - modeled bridge elements can be saved as a template and reused in subsequent projects.

DO YOU CONSTANTLY STRUGGLE WITH THE FOLLOWING CHALLENGES?

Inconsistent design data from different data sources and formats from different parties involved.

Numerous time-consuming design modifications leading to inconsistencies and poor design quality.

Due to lack of time, unable to create as many design variants as needed to find the best solution.

Constantly re-entering the same data over and over again in your projects taking up design time.

12 REASONS TO CHOOSE ALLPLAN

Quickly integrate all common terrain formats, display, and conveniently edit digital terrain models.

Work with a single solution from parametric model creation with a high level of detail, including prestressing, to integration of the construction process and structural analysis of the bridge model.

The 3D parametric model description considers the road layout, bridge alignment and required cross-sections, making model configuration and variation fast and easy. This can be done either directly in the software or even via scripting.

Create several parametric pre-tensioned and post-tensioned tendon types – with immediate and subsequent bonding, internal and external, longitudinal, transverse and vertical.

Allplan Bridge automatically generates the analysis model from the geometrical model. This greatly reduces the amount of work and susceptibility to errors.

Time as a fourth dimension is considered when specifying the construction process. Amongst other things it is possible to define and compare different schedules for the same bridge structure.

All permanent and variable loads are combined between each other into a final envelope. This envelope is used to perform reinforcement design and code checking.

The entire 4D model adjusts in the event of any change, such as in relation to the alignment. Hence, if the geometry of an axis changes, the entire bridge model is adjusted automatically.

Even challenging bridges with double curvature and varying cross-sections are reinforced conveniently and rapidly. Various transitions and rules can be defined, such as how the reinforcement joints are to be carried out, to enable automatic reinforcement generation.

From initial plans through to materials, quantities, and final general arrangement and reinforcement drawings - quality and accuracy to rely on, for stakeholders and construction partners with cloud based Bimplus platform.

ALLPLAN follows the OPEN BIM concept. Not only can the geometrical model be exchanged using numerous formats, such as IFC, but also the analytical model can be shared with other applications.

ALLPLAN’s bridge experts have over 30 years’ experience supporting engineers worldwide. You can benefit from our technical experts providing comprehensive product consultancy, training, and support.

Allplan workflows for Bridge Engineering

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  • 1 \ Site Analysis Terrain Survey
  • Geodata Processing (SHP)
  • Integration of Road Planning
  • 2 \ Modeling Parametric Modeling
  • Customized Workflow for Precast Girder Bridges
  • Model Tendons Parametrically
  • Free Parametric Modeling
  • Envision All Variants
  • IFC Attributing
  • 3 \ Model Analysis Construction Schedule Definition
  • Automatic Derivation of the Analysis Model
  • Assembling Construction Sequence Calculation
  • Additional Loads
  • Traffic Loads
  • Earthquake Loads
  • Structural Analysis
  • Superposition and Combinations
  • Reinforcement Design
  • Variant Optimization
  • Change Management
  • 4 \ Detailing Placement of Detailing Objects
  • Free-form Modeling
  • Reinforcement Modeling
  • Quickly Recognize and Rectify Planning Errors
  • Visualization of All Details
  • 5 \ Deliverables General Arrangement Drawings
  • Structural Drawings
  • Reinforcement Drawings
  • Steel Lists
  • Change Management
Terrain Survey

Terrain data can be imported in the form of large point clouds (e.g. from Scalypso) and displayed graphically. This makes it possible to use high-resolution terrain models as the basis for mass determinations within infrastructure projects.

[...read more]

Terrain data can be imported in the form of large point clouds (e.g. from Scalypso) and displayed graphically. This makes it possible to use high-resolution terrain models as the basis for mass determinations within infrastructure projects.

Geodata Processing (SHP)

Geospatial data processing makes it possible to record property boundaries, floodplains, road networks, and more. This information can be used to identify critical zones or conflict points at an early stage and to take them into account during project planning. The imported geo-information can also be considered when creating output plans.

[...read more]

Geospatial data processing makes it possible to record property boundaries, floodplains, road networks, and more. This information can be used to identify critical zones or conflict points at an early stage and to take them into account during project planning. The imported geo-information can also be considered when creating output plans.

Integration of Road Planning

The import of data from road planning can be used as the basis for the axis definition of the bridge, and is carried out in Allplan Bridge via the open BIM platform Bimplus. The bridge engineer only has to import the data and can do everything from model creation, prestressing, structural analysis and detailing to plan creation with one solution.

[...read more]

The import of data from road planning can be used as the basis for the axis definition of the bridge, and is carried out in Allplan Bridge via the open BIM platform Bimplus. The bridge engineer only has to import the data and can do everything from model creation, prestressing, structural analysis and detailing to plan creation with one solution.

2 \ Modeling
Parametric Modeling

The modeling technique is tailored for bridges, especially for bridges with geometry directly governed by the axis. Once the axis is imported or defined, the user defines typical cross-section(s) which are extruded along the axis. The digital model generated in Allplan Bridge is completely parametric. Model changes can be made at any time and the dependent objects are automatically adjusted. Allplan Bridge is suitable for all phases of work – from the concept to the detailed design.

[...read more]

The modeling technique is tailored for bridges, especially for bridges with geometry directly governed by the axis. Once the axis is imported or defined, the user defines typical cross-section(s) which are extruded along the axis. The digital model generated in Allplan Bridge is completely parametric. Model changes can be made at any time and the dependent objects are automatically adjusted. Allplan Bridge is suitable for all phases of work – from the concept to the detailed design.

Customized Workflow for Precast Girder Bridges

Precast girder bridges have one thing in common – their component geometry. The straight profile of precast girders is why their geometry is not directly impacted by the road or bridge axis. That is why Allplan Bridge provides special features and a specialized workflow. The reuse of girder shapes and lengths is a further typical feature of precast girder bridges and in Allplan Bridge “modular modeling” addresses this whilst providing an efficient workflow.

[...read more]

Precast girder bridges have one thing in common – their component geometry. The straight profile of precast girders is why their geometry is not directly impacted by the road or bridge axis. That is why Allplan Bridge provides special features and a specialized workflow. The reuse of girder shapes and lengths is a further typical feature of precast girder bridges and in Allplan Bridge “modular modeling” addresses this whilst providing an efficient workflow.

Model Tendons Parametrically

Allplan Bridge makes it easy to model a wide range of types of pre-stressing: with immediate or later bond, internal and external, longitudinal, transverse and vertical, as well as with non-standard geometry. Based on user-defined 3D points, the program automatically generates and optimizes the geometry of a tendon along the bridge structure.

[...read more]

Allplan Bridge makes it easy to model a wide range of types of pre-stressing: with immediate or later bond, internal and external, longitudinal, transverse and vertical, as well as with non-standard geometry. Based on user-defined 3D points, the program automatically generates and optimizes the geometry of a tendon along the bridge structure.

Free Parametric Modeling

The third modelling technique available in Allplan Bridge allows the user to parametrically model the entire bridge or its sub elements freely in 3D space using volumetric primitives and Boolean operations. In the first release of this new technology for volumetric primitives, advanced prisms are implemented - the basic shape of a prism is defined using the well-known cross-section definition. Because this is rather a more general parametric modeling technique, it can be used for parametric modeling of other infrastructure requirements as well.

[...read more]

The third modelling technique available in Allplan Bridge allows the user to parametrically model the entire bridge or its sub elements freely in 3D space using volumetric primitives and Boolean operations. In the first release of this new technology for volumetric primitives, advanced prisms are implemented - the basic shape of a prism is defined using the well-known cross-section definition. Because this is rather a more general parametric modeling technique, it can be used for parametric modeling of other infrastructure requirements as well.

Envision All Variants

Visualization facilitates collaboration and communication between project stakeholders. All disciplines can analyze the model together for details, improvements, etc. Integrated CineRender from Maxon enables you to create high-quality visualizations intuitively and efficiently in any design phase – in the conceptual phase it is important tool for demonstrating all the variants and choosing the optimal solution, and in the detailed design phase it empowers stakeholders by minimizing design errors

[...read more]

Visualization facilitates collaboration and communication between project stakeholders. All disciplines can analyze the model together for details, improvements, etc. Integrated CineRender from Maxon enables you to create high-quality visualizations intuitively and efficiently in any design phase – in the conceptual phase it is important tool for demonstrating all the variants and choosing the optimal solution, and in the detailed design phase it empowers stakeholders by minimizing design errors

IFC Attributing

Attributes compliant to IFC 4.3 can be added in Allplan Bridge. IFC object definition can be assigned for objects directly while creating the cross-section. A hierarchical tree of spatial elements can be defined by utilizing IfcFacilityPart and IfcFacilityPartType directly in Allplan Bridge. Further arrangement of the spatial elements can be accomplished in Allplan, after transferring the model. Naturally, custom defined attributes can also be added in Allplan.

[...read more]

Attributes compliant to IFC 4.3 can be added in Allplan Bridge. IFC object definition can be assigned for objects directly while creating the cross-section. A hierarchical tree of spatial elements can be defined by utilizing IfcFacilityPart and IfcFacilityPartType directly in Allplan Bridge. Further arrangement of the spatial elements can be accomplished in Allplan, after transferring the model. Naturally, custom defined attributes can also be added in Allplan.

3 \ Model Analysis
Construction Schedule Definition

Time as the 4th dimension is considered when specifying the construction process. The construction plan is divided into several phases and further into individual tasks, such as concrete hardening, tendon stressing, activation of self-weight etc. The related structural components are interactively assigned to these tasks and this assignment connects the time attributes to the structure.

[...read more]

Time as the 4th dimension is considered when specifying the construction process. The construction plan is divided into several phases and further into individual tasks, such as concrete hardening, tendon stressing, activation of self-weight etc. The related structural components are interactively assigned to these tasks and this assignment connects the time attributes to the structure.

Automatic Derivation of the Analysis Model

In Allplan Bridge the structural model does not need to be modeled from the beginning but the existing geometrical model is used as a basis. With some minor analysis relevant definitions, the geometrical model is complemented, and the analytical model can be generated automatically. This automated process is completely user controlled.

[...read more]

In Allplan Bridge the structural model does not need to be modeled from the beginning but the existing geometrical model is used as a basis. With some minor analysis relevant definitions, the geometrical model is complemented, and the analytical model can be generated automatically. This automated process is completely user controlled.

Assembling Construction Sequence Calculation

The product analyses the previously defined construction schedule and assembles all necessary calculation definitions in an automated process, like load cases, element activation and calculation actions. This includes also relevant data for calculating nonlinear time effects, creep, shrinkage and relaxation. The complete process is documented such that complete transparency is enabled.

[...read more]

The product analyses the previously defined construction schedule and assembles all necessary calculation definitions in an automated process, like load cases, element activation and calculation actions. This includes also relevant data for calculating nonlinear time effects, creep, shrinkage and relaxation. The complete process is documented such that complete transparency is enabled.

Additional Loads

The weight and the position of superimposed dead loads are automatically retrieved from the geometrical model. Further loads, like temperature change, wind loads, settlement, loads due to braking and acceleration, etc. can be defined and applied easily as well. The structural components that need to be loaded are interactively assigned to these tasks and this assignment applies the load on the beam elements.

[...read more]

The weight and the position of superimposed dead loads are automatically retrieved from the geometrical model. Further loads, like temperature change, wind loads, settlement, loads due to braking and acceleration, etc. can be defined and applied easily as well. The structural components that need to be loaded are interactively assigned to these tasks and this assignment applies the load on the beam elements.

Traffic Loads

Traffic loads can be defined/applied in a very convenient way. On the one side, the traffic load is automatically applied in accordance with the selected standard. On the other side, the generic approach of live load definition implemented in Allplan Bridge allows the user to consider any type of moving load. The calculation allows for calculating the most unfavorable effects due to traffic and is based on the theory of (related) influence lines allowing an easy and swift calculation.

[...read more]

Traffic loads can be defined/applied in a very convenient way. On the one side, the traffic load is automatically applied in accordance with the selected standard. On the other side, the generic approach of live load definition implemented in Allplan Bridge allows the user to consider any type of moving load. The calculation allows for calculating the most unfavorable effects due to traffic and is based on the theory of (related) influence lines allowing an easy and swift calculation.

Earthquake Loads

Allplan Bridge uses the multi-mode Response Spectrum Method for evaluating the effects of seismic loading. The solution consists of 2 separate tasks in the calculation procedure, firstly the determination of the relevant natural modes of the structural system and secondly the evaluation of the response spectrum prescribed in the design code.

[...read more]

Allplan Bridge uses the multi-mode Response Spectrum Method for evaluating the effects of seismic loading. The solution consists of 2 separate tasks in the calculation procedure, firstly the determination of the relevant natural modes of the structural system and secondly the evaluation of the response spectrum prescribed in the design code.

Structural Analysis

A global static analysis based on the Bernoulli beam theory is performed for all automatically and manually generated calculation actions defined previously in the construction sequence definition. The analysis is enhanced to accurately consider the cross-section variation. Furthermore, the nonlinear calculation of time dependent effects is performed, considering design code regulations.

[...read more]

A global static analysis based on the Bernoulli beam theory is performed for all automatically and manually generated calculation actions defined previously in the construction sequence definition. The analysis is enhanced to accurately consider the cross-section variation. Furthermore, the nonlinear calculation of time dependent effects is performed, considering design code regulations.

Superposition and Combinations

The user-friendliness and usability of the superposition in Allplan Bridge is groundbreaking. The schematic definition combines maximum flexibility and optimal overview. The same is true also for the definition of combinations. The table form gives the user an overview not only of the defined load factors but also of different types of combinations. The combination type becomes an important attribute when the code-based design is performed. This allows specific design procedures for automatically using the corresponding combinations.

[...read more]

The user-friendliness and usability of the superposition in Allplan Bridge is groundbreaking. The schematic definition combines maximum flexibility and optimal overview. The same is true also for the definition of combinations. The table form gives the user an overview not only of the defined load factors but also of different types of combinations. The combination type becomes an important attribute when the code-based design is performed. This allows specific design procedures for automatically using the corresponding combinations.

Reinforcement Design

Once the global effects are calculated and the relevant envelopes have been created the user can perform code dependent design tasks to determine the required reinforcement content. After the reinforcement area has been calculated or manually specified, ULS and SLS checks can be performed according to different international standards.

[...read more]

Once the global effects are calculated and the relevant envelopes have been created the user can perform code dependent design tasks to determine the required reinforcement content. After the reinforcement area has been calculated or manually specified, ULS and SLS checks can be performed according to different international standards.

Variant Optimization

Parametric model description empowers the user to easily change and investigate different design solutions. The complete environment in Allplan Bridge is parametric – the geometrical and the analysis model and the construction sequence with all loads, combinations and design checks. Furthermore, it is possible to define different schedules for the same bridge structure. All this enables the user to analyze different design variants and, in this way, to optimize the bridge structure.

[...read more]

Parametric model description empowers the user to easily change and investigate different design solutions. The complete environment in Allplan Bridge is parametric – the geometrical and the analysis model and the construction sequence with all loads, combinations and design checks. Furthermore, it is possible to define different schedules for the same bridge structure. All this enables the user to analyze different design variants and, in this way, to optimize the bridge structure.

Change Management

After the variant study and the structural analysis, model changes are part of everyday planning. Thanks to Bimplus, these changes can be easily documented, which facilitates the smooth construction process of the bridge project.

[...read more]

After the variant study and the structural analysis, model changes are part of everyday planning. Thanks to Bimplus, these changes can be easily documented, which facilitates the smooth construction process of the bridge project.

4 \ Detailing
Placement of Detailing Objects

Parametric objects from the Allplan library, can be referenced in Allplan Bridge to add further details such as reinforcement, anchor devices of tendons or lamp posts to the bridge model. To do this, reference points are defined and linked to the object in the Allplan library using the respective name. When the parametric model is transferred to Allplan, the corresponding objects are positioned and adjusted whenever the model is updated.

[...read more]

Parametric objects from the Allplan library, can be referenced in Allplan Bridge to add further details such as reinforcement, anchor devices of tendons or lamp posts to the bridge model. To do this, reference points are defined and linked to the object in the Allplan library using the respective name. When the parametric model is transferred to Allplan, the corresponding objects are positioned and adjusted whenever the model is updated.

Free-form Modeling

Powerful 3D modeling functionality allows the user to implement all bridge details without compromise: simply, flexible, and with the highest level of precision. The Parasolid® modeling kernel from Siemens handles intricate free-form geometry based on B-Splines and NURBS as well as standard tasks such as joints, cut-outs and drainage with ease.

[...read more]

Powerful 3D modeling functionality allows the user to implement all bridge details without compromise: simply, flexible, and with the highest level of precision. The Parasolid® modeling kernel from Siemens handles intricate free-form geometry based on B-Splines and NURBS as well as standard tasks such as joints, cut-outs and drainage with ease.

Reinforcement Modeling

With Allplan, even challenging bridges with double curvature and varying cross-sections are reinforced conveniently and rapidly. The reinforcement is defined in different cross-sections and the transitions between the cross-sections are described with paths. Various rules can be defined, such as how the reinforcement joints are to be carried out. Using this information, the reinforcement is automatically generated.

[...read more]

With Allplan, even challenging bridges with double curvature and varying cross-sections are reinforced conveniently and rapidly. The reinforcement is defined in different cross-sections and the transitions between the cross-sections are described with paths. Various rules can be defined, such as how the reinforcement joints are to be carried out. Using this information, the reinforcement is automatically generated.

Quickly Recognize and Rectify Planning Errors

Thanks to 3D reinforcement in Allplan, errors in the design process can be minimized. With just a few clicks, you can check your model for collisions and then create steel lists. In this way, Allplan enables precise reinforcement drawings in the shortest possible time

[...read more]

Thanks to 3D reinforcement in Allplan, errors in the design process can be minimized. With just a few clicks, you can check your model for collisions and then create steel lists. In this way, Allplan enables precise reinforcement drawings in the shortest possible time

Visualization of All Details

Visualization facilitates collaboration and communication between project stakeholders. All disciplines can analyze the model together for details and improvements, etc. The visual representation of the bridge facilitates feedback. Thanks to the excellent visualization quality, structural features such as the level of detail of the reinforcement can be checked in real time and discrepancies can be resolved quickly.

[...read more]

Visualization facilitates collaboration and communication between project stakeholders. All disciplines can analyze the model together for details and improvements, etc. The visual representation of the bridge facilitates feedback. Thanks to the excellent visualization quality, structural features such as the level of detail of the reinforcement can be checked in real time and discrepancies can be resolved quickly.

5 \ Deliverables
General Arrangement Drawings

The general arrangement drawing provides a complete representation of the structure in one plan. The first step is to analyze the 3D model and the information it contains using appropriate tools. With Allplan's easy-to-use associative views and sections, you can quickly create such a plan and thus visualize the entire structure comprehensively. Subsequently, changes to the model can be easily understood and the position of individual elements can be more easily recognized in the subsequent project phases.

[...read more]

The general arrangement drawing provides a complete representation of the structure in one plan. The first step is to analyze the 3D model and the information it contains using appropriate tools. With Allplan's easy-to-use associative views and sections, you can quickly create such a plan and thus visualize the entire structure comprehensively. Subsequently, changes to the model can be easily understood and the position of individual elements can be more easily recognized in the subsequent project phases.

Structural Drawings

The structural drawing represents the next level of detail and to create them accurately is indispensable for the production of the concrete elements on the construction site.

Allplan provides you with tools to meet the requirements of infrastructure construction at the highest level. For example, views and sections can be created with just a few clicks. Even change processes are quickly completed with Allplan. Not only do the plans update themselves, but you can also save time in everyday associative dimensioning.

[...read more]

The structural drawing represents the next level of detail and to create them accurately is indispensable for the production of the concrete elements on the construction site.

Allplan provides you with tools to meet the requirements of infrastructure construction at the highest level. For example, views and sections can be created with just a few clicks. Even change processes are quickly completed with Allplan. Not only do the plans update themselves, but you can also save time in everyday associative dimensioning.

Reinforcement Drawings

In reinforcement drawings, the position, number, spacing, dimensions and bending of the reinforcement bars for the relevant components are specified and evaluated in the form of steel lists. In this way, detailed plans are created rapidly. The creation of reinforcement drawings for straight or curved structures is not a problem. With Allplan, even challenging bridges with double curvature and varying cross-sections are reinforced conveniently and correctly.

[...read more]

In reinforcement drawings, the position, number, spacing, dimensions and bending of the reinforcement bars for the relevant components are specified and evaluated in the form of steel lists. In this way, detailed plans are created rapidly. The creation of reinforcement drawings for straight or curved structures is not a problem. With Allplan, even challenging bridges with double curvature and varying cross-sections are reinforced conveniently and correctly.

Steel Lists

The digital bridge model contains a multitude of information. Comprehensive reports with dimensions, areas, volumes, weights and quantities are available at the touch of a button. This also applies to rebar bending schedules.

[...read more]

The digital bridge model contains a multitude of information. Comprehensive reports with dimensions, areas, volumes, weights and quantities are available at the touch of a button. This also applies to rebar bending schedules.

Change Management

If there are changes on the construction site, this is no problem thanks to the open BIM platform Bimplus. You can get to grips with this process quickly and reliably with Allplan Bridge. This is because the parametric model forms an ideal basis for the simple adjustment of all parameters. The change only has to be made at one point. All elements linked to it are automatically adjusted.

[...read more]

If there are changes on the construction site, this is no problem thanks to the open BIM platform Bimplus. You can get to grips with this process quickly and reliably with Allplan Bridge. This is because the parametric model forms an ideal basis for the simple adjustment of all parameters. The change only has to be made at one point. All elements linked to it are automatically adjusted.

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WHAT OUR
ALLPLAN CLIENTS SAY:

“Allplan is our primary solution to implement BIM in our complex bridge and highway projects”

PT Waskita Karya Tbk

“With Allplan Bridge we were able to achieve the complete modeling of an atypical bridge”

Cabletec Co Ltd

“As our bridge projects from all over the world show, Allplan Bridge provides the best solution now and, in the future”

YÜKSEL PROJE A.S

Success Stories
CUSTOMER PROJECTS DESIGNED AND BUILT WITH ALLPLAN

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Bridge Design

Rize-Artvin Airport Bridge

Turkey

As part of the works, the airport required a new cast in-situ, post-tensioned bridge to connect to the existing roads between the towns of Rize and Artvin. ­Spanning 444 meters, the bridge deck will reach a variable thickness of 120 to 180 cm and contain 13 spans along the length when construction is finished.

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Bridge Design

Altglienicker Bridge

Berlin, Germany

The unique arch shape between the pavement and the road enables optimal load transfer with the smallest possible dimensions. A low construction height is achieved via a small cross-girder span, which, on the one hand, overcomes the narrow conditions in the watercourse area, and on the other hand, uses less material. A lateral arch overhang – which absorbs the transverse bending and provides stability – can also be used as a lighting strip. structure.

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Bridge Design

Queensferry Crossing

Edinburgh, Scotland (GB)

The Queensferry Crossing near Edinburgh in Scotland is a cablestayed bridge with three pylons over 200 m in height. It is one of the largest infrastructure projects in Europe and benefitted from ultramodern reinforcement planning in 3D.

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